E-Waste

What is an E-Waste?

Electronic Waste or E-waste  or electronic scrap is the discarded electronic units or products which are regarded as unwanted ,obsolete and has reached the end of its working-life. Also, the used electronics which can be reused, processed and resold,  or recycled are also considered as E-Waste.

The important aspect to understand about the E-waste is that it contains harmful and highly toxic constituents or components such as Lead,  Mercury, Cadmium, Beryllium and also hazardous chemical such as brominated flame retardants. All of which when exposed may involve significant health risk and create pollution in the environment.

Continuous development of the technology has led to increase in the electronic products which thereby has led to increase in the E-Waste.

Of the total E-Waste generated in India, approximately 1.5% is recycled by the Formal Recyclers or Institutional Processing and Recycling Units. Another 8% of the E-waste generated in regarded as useless and goes to landfills. The remaining 90.5% of the E-Waste is being handled by the Informal Sector. About 76% of e-waste workers in India who all are engaged in various e-waste activities are suffering from respiratory ailments like breathing difficulties, irritation, coughing, choking, tremor problems due to improper safeguards and dismantling workshops.

What is Recycling?

Recycling is a method or a sequence of activities, that contains: The collection and sorting of waste materials, the process of those materials to provide creating new products, and also the purchase and use of those new products by shoppers.

Recycling is an additional optimized and economical method we tend to apply the 3 R’s of waste management or you can say 3 R’s of e-scrap management:  REUSE and RECYCLE.

A  willful control over our excess purchasing pattern of electronic goods also have an impact over a generation of e-waste in our country and reduces the pressure of safe disposal of e-scrap.

Benefits of E-Waste Recycling

  1. Effective Management – Reduces the amount of electronic waste sent to the landfills and incinerators.
  2. Conserves Natural Resources – Recycling of e-scrap aids in the recovery of valuable products for the production of new electronic products and thereby limiting extraction of natural resources such as timber, water, and mineral for making of new electronic goods, thus saving energy and increases e-waste recycling business in India.
  3. Preserves Environment – Electronic goods recycling enables effective handling and management of toxic substances such as Lead, Mercury, Cadmium, Beryllium and the like thereby reduction of pollution, greenhouse effects and gas emissions by proper management of electronic scrap.
  4. Establishes Jobs – E-waste recycling creates jobs for professional recyclers and creates a secondary market for refurbished and recycled electronic products and thereby increase the economic stability and security thus reduces electronic scrap accumulation and disposal of e-waste.
  5.  Recycling helps in effective utilization of available resources and reduces air pollution, water pollution and finally environmental pollution.